Basilicata, also known as Lucania, is a region located in the South of the Italian peninsula, wet by the Ionian and the Tyrrhenian Sea. Visiting Basilicata it seems to be in an enchanted country. An ancient land, which has its roots in prehistoric times and suggests infinite beauty. Nature, history, art, culture and folklore await you to discover one of the most fascinating areas of Italy.
Capital of the region is Potenza, which with the city of Matera, are the only two provinces of Basilicata. Matera, has been named European Capital of Culture for 2019 thanks to its rich landscape heritage, cultural and historical beauties. A unique gem in the history of mankind are the Sassi, ancient cave-houses carved into the rock of a canyon, an open book on the history of various civilizations which have occurred in the city over time. The earliest settlements of the Neolithic, the hermitages Christian and Byzantine monks, the Norman warriors and the baroque architects, have left visible signs and have helped to create this incredible UNESCO Heritage site since 1993.
Small coves, walls overlooking the sea, pebble beaches, rocky headlands, unspoiled seabed, small coves, accessible only by sea. Moving away from Matera and reaching the Tyrrhenian side, you can admire beautiful beaches, such as those of Maratea, positioned along a coastline of about 30 km, where you can enjoy one of the cleanest seas in Italy.
What today makes the beaches of Maratea an unparalleled treasure is the variety and unspoiled beauty of the caves along the Tyrrhenian coast, some of which still preserve signs of the presence of prehistoric man and extraordinary legends, such as the Cave of Sciabella, accessible from the most popular beach of the coast, Cala Jannita, better known as “Black beach” for the particular color of its sand.
Maratea is also known as “the city of the 44 churches” among which is possible to discover the sixteenth century church “Chiesa dell’Annunziata”, with its dome covered with green and yellow tiles. In this beautiful city you can also admire the great statue “Cristo Redentore”, symbol of the city.
In addition to the Tyrrhenian sea, Basilicata is also boarded by the Ionian Sea, which separates the region from Greece. Greek craftsmen, merchants, farmers, landed in Basilicata between the eighth and seventh centuries BC, seeking to colonize land, mixing with indigenous peoples. Today, this mix of civilizations, remains in the archaeological sites of Metaponto and Policoro.
Not only sea: the Dolomiti Lucane, mountains spiers born about 15 million years old, guard enchanted villages like Castelmezzano and Pietrapertosa, which are joined by a steel cable lines, which allow you to embark on an unforgettable flight to the discovery of a new perspective of this incredible region. For lovers of outdoor sports, the Pollino National Park, split between Calabria and Basilicata, offers possibilities of trekking, hiking, mountain climbing, rafting, skiing, caving and mountain biking.
For wine lovers this region preserves one of the best Italian wines, also known as “the Barolo of the South”: Aglianico.
Aglianico del Vulture is a DOC red wine that with its warm flavor match with meat dishes, game and local dishes made with some of the valuable raw materials of Basilicata as dried “crucchi” peppers (IGP) of Senise, the Red Eggplant (Dop) of Rotonda, beans (PDO), the Canestrato of Moliterno (PDO), the Pecorino di Filiano (PGI) and Pane di Matera (PGI).