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Documents

Documents for a civil marriage

• At least two months before the date of the wedding, the engaged couple must present themselves at the Civil Status office of the Municipality of residence of one of the two people to sign the document of self-certification which includes all their personal information: identity, birth, residence, citizenship and marital status. Additionally they must bring a stamp worth 14.62 Euros if both of the spouses live within the same commune, or two stamps worth 14.62 Euros each if one of the spouses lives in a different municipality.

• Following the request of the engaged couple those in charge of the municipality will take steps to draw up the necessary documentation for the Promise or Oath of Matrimony in which the couple to be married declare they meet the necessary conditions for marriage and declare that they wish to do so of their own free will.

• The making of the Promise requires a witness (not necessarily the one for the wedding) and one of the parents (to declare that the future spouses are not too closely related), each provided with a valid document of identity. Alternatively, if it is not possible for one of the parents to be present, the presentation of a complete copy of the birth certificate (to be requested from the municipality of birth) will be sufficient.

• After the signing of the proper request, notice will be publicized for 8 consecutive days either at the municipality of residence of both individuals or, if necessary, in all the municipalities in which they have lived within the previous year. The public notices will contain the names and address of the future spouses and the place where their wedding will be held.

• When the period of public notice is over, the future spouses will receive after four days the future spouses will receive the authorization to marry each other; however, the ceremony must take place within no more than 180 days. If the term of 180 days passes before the wedding takes place, the bureaucratic process must be repeated from the beginning.

Special cases

• Underage spouses will have to also obtain the authorization of the Juvenile Court.

• Divorced persons: a complete copy of the previous act of marriage is necessary, complete with the record of the sentence of annulment. This record is released by the Court of the Municipality where the wedding was held, subject to the authorization of the relevant Public Prosecutor’s Office.

• Widows/Widowers: the spouse’s certificate of death is required

• One or both of the future spouses is a foreigner belonging to the European Union:  authorization or a certificate of eligibility for marriage released by the Consulate or Embassy of their country of origin. Swiss and Austrian citizens also need to produce a certificate of birth (with a translation no older than 6 months), certificate of citizenship and residence and passport

• One or both of the future spouses does not belong to the European Union: authorization or a certificate of eligibility for marriage released by the Consulate or Embassy of their country of origin authenticated by the relevant prefecture. For foreign citizens resident in Italy it is also necessary to present a certificate of civil status and residence on stamped paper.

Documents for a catholic or a Concordat wedding

A catholic or a Concordat wedding is celebrated by a priest whose task it is to transcribe the act in the register of civil status, giving the ceremony a sacramental value as well as that of a civil act. This is possible thanks to article 34 of the Concordat of 11 February 1929 between the Italian State and the Holy See.

For Catholic weddings it is necessary to assemble the documents at least 6 months ahead of time. In addition to the documents required for a civil wedding, the following are needed:

• Certificate of baptism

• Certificate of Confirmation

• Proof of attendance at the required class to prepare for marriage

• certificate of ecclesiastical status

• The certificate of NULLA OSTA (authorization), only in cases in which it is decided to hold the ceremony in a parish different from that to which one belongs. This certificate is produced by one’s own parish and authorizes its parishioners to marry in another parish as indicated by them.

Once the future spouses have obtained all of these documents, the parish will provide them with the request for making the public notices to the civil authorities: these will then be posted for eight days, at the end of which the future spouses will receive the certificate of confirmation of publication by the civil authorities. After religious consent is given, the parish will publish the marriage banns.

Documents for a non-Catholic religious ceremony

A non-Catholic religious wedding is the so-called “Mixed marriage”, in other words a marriage contracted between a Catholic on the one hand and a non-Catholic on the other, whether baptized of not baptized. Mixed ceremonies can take place in Church, but without the participation of the non-Catholic in the Eucharist. The documents to be prepared are essentially the same as for a civil wedding, the difference between the two ceremonies are concentrated in the ceremony and the delivery of a written authorization indicating the name of the minister celebrating the mass. For the preparation of this sort of wedding and the required documentation, we advise you to obtain the assistance of your local parish authorities.

Symbolic marriage

In addition to civil, religious, and mixed marriage, there is also symbolic marriage, which has no legal bearing, but can be celebrated wherever the couple desires without having to obtain documentation. The symbolic ceremony can take place in a garden, on a terrace, in a villa, in an historic building or many other special places.

• At least two months before the date of the wedding, the engaged couple must present themselves at the Office of Civil status of the municipality of residence of at least one of the two of them to sign the document of self-certification that includes all their personal information: identity, birth, residence, citizenship, and marital status.

• Following the request of the engaged couple, the relevant authorities of the municipality will draw up the necessary documentation for the Promise or Oath of Matrimony in which the engaged couple confirms that they meet the conditions necessary to get married and declare that they want to do so of their own free will.

• The making of the Promise requires a witness (not necessarily the one for the wedding) and one of the parents (to declare that the future spouses are not too closely related), each provided with a valid document of identity. Alternatively, if it is not possible for one of the parents to be present, the presentation of a complete copy of the birth certificate (to be requested from the municipality of birth) will be sufficient.

• After the signing of the proper request, notice will be publicized for 8 consecutive days either at the municipality of residence of both individuals or, if necessary, in all the municipalities in which they have lived within the previous year. The public notices will contain the names and address of the future spouses and the place where their wedding will be held.

• When the period of public notice is over, the future spouses will receive after four days the future spouses will receive the authorization to marry each other; however, the ceremony must take place within no more than 180 days. If the term of 180 days passes before the wedding takes place, the bureaucratic process must be repeated from the beginning.

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